What is little-endian and big-endian?

There are two types of byte-ordering: big- and little-endian. Intel processors use the little-endian order; this means the more significant digits in a number are on the right side. If we write a number like 4711, the most significant digit is 4 (= 4.000) and is on the left side. A BOM (Byte Order Marker) in text files indicates to the application the direction to read the numbers.

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